[19], The US Food and Drug Administration considers lavender as generally recognized as safe (GRAS) for human consumption. Lavender is used in savory dishes, giving stews and reduced sauces aromatic flair. Some species produce coloured bracts at the apices. Human translations with examples: ಡೈರೆ ಹೂವ, ಒಂದು ಹೂವು, hypericum, ರೋಸ್ ಹೂವು, dere ಹೂವಿನ, jaji ಹೂವಿನ, ಕಳ್ಳಿ ಹೂವು. Despite this, it is a symbol of pure love when given. [3] The most widely cultivated species, Lavandula angustifolia, is often referred to as lavender, and there is a color named for the shade of the flowers of this species. Dishes used as desert including puddings, ice cream, jellies and fruit, particularly berries can be flavored with the blossoms of the lavender. Lavender flavours baked goods and desserts, pairing especially well with chocolate. Monofloral honey is produced primarily around the Mediterranean, and is marketed worldwide as a premium product. Wisteria (Wisteria sinensis) – The wisteria plant produces lavender colored flowers that hang from a vine. Also called Fringed Lavender, this evergreen shrub is native to Eastern and Southern Spain and derives its name from the toothed (dentate) leaves which have a richly, aromatic lavender-rosemary scent. [5] NIH does not recommend the use of lavender while pregnant or breast-feeding because of lack of knowledge of its effects. Human translations with examples: તેલ, અમલા, આદુ તેલ, સરવ તેલ, તેલ નામો, ઘઉં થૂલું, જૈતૂન તેલ, લવંડર તેલ, jetun તેલ. Plant lavender 2 to 3 feet apart. In most species the leaves are covered in fine hairs or indumentum, which normally contain the essential oils. Lavender flowers are occasionally blended with black, green, or herbal teas. USDA Hardiness Zone: 5-11 Garden varieties of this plant are popular with flower arrangers as the flowers can be dried and keep their shape and colour. However, since lavender cross-pollinates easily, countless variations present difficulties in classification. [12] The name "French lavender" may refer to either L. stoechas or to L. dentata. The fragrant, pale purple flowers and flower buds are used in potpourris. Lavender oil is also used in veterinary practice, being very efficacious in killing lice and other parasites on animals. Lavender, (genus Lavandula), genus of about 30 species of the mint family (), native to countries bordering the Mediterranean.Lavender species are common in herb gardens for their fragrant leaves and attractive flowers. English lavender varieties are more often used for culinary purposes than other types of lavender. By 1790, L. pinnata and L. carnosa were recognised. [2], Many members of the genus are cultivated extensively in temperate climates as ornamental plants for garden and landscape use, for use as culinary herbs, and also commercially for the extraction of essential oils. [22][27], Lavender buds can amplify both sweet and savory flavors in dishes, and are sometimes paired with sheep's-milk and goat's-milk cheeses. Find here Medicinal Plant, suppliers, manufacturers, wholesalers, traders with Medicinal Plant prices for buying. For the color, see, Chaytor D A. Lavender is also used as herbal filler inside sachets used to freshen linens. [33], Spanish nard (Old French: "spykenard de spayn le pays"), referring to L. stoechas, is listed as an ingredient in making a spiced wine, namely Hippocras, in The Forme of Cury. A wide range of cultivars can be found. 6d.) Lavandula (common name lavender) is a genus of 47 known species of flowering plants in the mint family, Lamiaceae. Lavender is also used in scented waters and sachets. & Muschl.) [18] The lavandins are widely cultivated for commercial use, since their flowers tend to be bigger than those of English lavender and the plants tend to be easier to harvest, but lavandin oil is regarded by some to be of a lower quality than that of English lavender, with a perfume less sweet. The lavender is also used in cuisines, the dried parts of the lavender plant including the leaves, the floral buds, and the flowers are used as a seasoning for many kinds of meat and vegetable dishes in Europe. A taxonomic study of the genus Lavandula. Keep the mulch away from the crown of the lavender plant, however, to prevent excess moisture and root rot. It also has antiseptic properties and is useful against putrefactive bacteria in the intestines. Flowers Name in Hindi & English : 100+ फूलों के नाम हिंदी में:- कमल का फूल, गुलाब का फूल, अपराजिता का फूल, अबोली का फूल, अमलतास का फूल, गेंदा का फूल It is native to the Old World and is found in Cape Verde and the Canary Islands, and from Europe across to northern and eastern Africa, the Mediterranean, southwest Asia to southeast India. Leaf Arrangement Names and pictures of all flowers. Business listings of Medicinal Plant manufacturers, suppliers and exporters in Ahmedabad, औषधीय पौधा विक्रेता, अहमदाबाद, Gujarat along with their contact details & address. Lavender was used as an after-bath perfume by the Romans, who gave the herb its name from the Latin lavare, to wash. During the Great Plague of 1665, grave robbers would wash their hands in a concoction called Four Thieves Vinegar, which contained lavender, wormwood, rue, sage, mint, and rosemary, and vinegar; they rarely became infected. II. The stem is milky and gray in color. Other commonly grown ornamental species are L. stoechas, L. dentata, and L. multifida (Egyptian lavender). It is said that Queen Elizabeth prized a lavender conserve (jam) at her table, so lavender was produced as a jam at that time, as well as used in teas both medicinally and for its taste. The lavender comes in many varieties, which also includes a dwarf variety of the plant. [14], Lavenders flourish best in dry, well-drained, sandy or gravelly soils in full sun. Names of colours (colors) in Malayalam from English are provided in the list below. The oil is restorative and tonic against faintness, palpitations of a nervous sort, weak giddiness, spasms and colic. A few drops of the essence of Lavender in a hot footbath have a marked influence in relieving fatigue. Common Name. What an incredible Dwarf English Lavender! Upson & S. Andrews, III. Names and pictures of all flowers. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew 2004, United States Department of Agriculture GRIN: Lavandula, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Lavandula&oldid=991308611, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2019, Articles containing Old French (842-ca. It provokes women's courses, and expels the dead child and afterbirth. Lavandula (common name lavender) is a genus of 47 known species of flowering plants in the mint family, Lamiaceae.It is native to the Old World and is found in Cape Verde and the Canary Islands, and from Europe across to northern and eastern Africa, the Mediterranean, southwest Asia to southeast India.. It is also used to make "lavender sugar".[25]. The oil extract of the lavender is commercially employed as a flavor for food items like candy, all kinds of baked goods, to flavor chewing gum, in various gelatins, in puddings, and to enhance the taste of various beverages and drinks. The flowers may be blue, violet or lilac in the wild species, occasionally blackish purple or yellowish. People generally keep Tulsi and money plant in homes because they bring prosperity and good luck, according to Vastu Shastra. However all the major cultivated and commercial forms resided in the Stoechas and Spica sections. The latter was subsequently transferred to Anisochilus. Plant Description:-Crown flower or Madar plant is a large shrub growing at the height of 4 m tall. Nice blue-green foliage. A heavy bloomer with plump yet tight flower heads, its compact size makes it useful as an edging plant along paths, in rock gardens or mixed with other taller Lavender cultivars. 1937, The alternative derivation of the name lavender from Latin, Carr, G.W, Yugovic, J.V and Robinson, K.E.. 'Environmental Weed Invasions in Victoria – conservation and management implications' 1992 Pub: Department of Conservation and Environment and Ecological Horticulture, Victoria, Australia, Csurches S., Edwards R.; National Weeds Program, Potential Environmental Weeds in Australia, Candidate Species for Preventative Control; Queensland Department of Natural Resources. [8], One of the first modern major classifications was that of Dorothy Chaytor in 1937 at Kew. Contextual translation of "canola oil" into Gujarati. In the garden, lavender makes an excellent companion plant for almost anything from roses to cabbage.It is one of those aromatic, gray herbs that deer avoid, making it a great choice as a decoy in your Hosta or daylily beds. Subgenus Fabricia (Adams.) [22], In the 1970s, a blend of herbs called herbes de Provence was invented by spice wholesalers. Showy compact flower heads with light purple bracts on top. Whether you’re using it as a garnish or a main ingredient, lavender lends a subtle floral flavor to sweet or savory dishes. We’ve pulled together a list of 150+ flower and plant types, along with pictures of each one and details on the best way to plant them. This Lavender or Nardus was called Asarum by the Romans, because it was not used in garlands or chaplets. Flowers look beautiful and they are used by humans to decorate places, worship, convey feelings, emotions and sentiments to others by gifting flowers and growing flower gardens for landscaping and aesthetic happiness. Lavandula angustifolia, also called True Lavender or Common Lavender has long been cultivated for its high quality lavender oil. Flowers can be candied and are sometimes used as cake decorations. They have been valued for centuries for their physical beauty, soothing fragrance, healing properties, and multitude of uses. English lavender (Lavandula angustifolia) yields an oil with sweet overtones, and can be used in balms, salves, perfumes, cosmetics, and topical applications. In The freshly chopped leaves and the diced flowering tips can be added to dressings, vegetable salads, to wines, and to vinegars of all kinds. The calyx is tubular. Add mulch (rock or pea gravel work particularly well) to keep weeds to a minimum. Tanacetum parthenium, known as feverfew, is a flowering plant in the daisy family, Asteraceae.It is a traditional medicinal herb that is used commonly to prevent migraine headaches.Occasionally, it is grown for ornament. Chefs note to reduce by two-thirds the dry amount in recipes which call for fresh lavender buds. Her sections included Stoechas, Spica, Subnudae, Pterostoechas, Chaetostachys and Dentatae. Lavender was used in earlier days as a condiment and for flavouring dishes 'to comfort the stomach. [4][5], Lavender oil has been studied by preliminary research for its possible effect in alleviating anxiety and sleep disturbances,[37] but no conclusions about the effects on anxiety were possible. (cutting propagated) A decoction of the leaves is a useful remedy for stomach problem, nausea and vomiting and also toothache. latifolia. the pound. Purple flowers appear in terminal spikes in late spring to early summer. [6], Leaf shape is diverse across the genus. Spanish lavender (Lavandula stoechas), sometimes known as French lavender, is the least hardy and most heat-tolerant of the lavender species. Most lavender plants are blue or purple, but there are some varieties that come in pink and yellow. January 1998. [39], The U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH) states that lavender is considered likely safe in food amounts and possibly safe in medicinal amounts. "English lavender" is commonly used for L. angustifolia, though some references say the proper term is "Old English Lavender". [26], The potency of the lavender flowers increases with drying which necessitates more sparing use to avoid a heavy, soapy aftertaste. Nectar from lavender plants are used to make high quality honey. The flower spikes of lavender are used for floral arrangements and the pale purple buds are perfect for potpourri. 1400)-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 29 November 2020, at 11:21. Flowers always have a very special place in our lives. In Pliny's time, blossoms of the Nardus sold for a hundred Roman denarii (or L.3 2s. In the United States, both lavender syrup and dried lavender buds are used to make lavender scones and marshmallows. It thrives in USDA zones 8 through 9. Lavender oil is found effective in paralyzed limbs, sprains and stiff joints. [17] Most lavender is hand-harvested, and harvest times vary depending on intended use.[17]. Extended, looming season starts in spring, continuing through summer to fall. [32] The species originally grown was L. By 1826 Frédéric Charles Jean Gingins de la Sarraz listed 12 species in three sections, and by 1848 eighteen species were known. Organic mulches can trap moisture around the plants' bases, encouraging root rot. The most common form in cultivation is the common or English lavender Lavandula angustifolia (formerly named L. officinalis). Leaves are pale or grayish green, oval in shape and sized 5-6 inches long and 2.5-4 inches wide, flowers are in clusters of waxy white or lavender in color. [16] It grows best in soils with a pH between 6 and 8. Within the Fabricia clade, the subclades correspond to Pterostoechas, Subnudae, and Chaetostachys. According to Richo Cech in one of my all-time favorite books, Making Plant Medicine, some uses for lavender tincture include rubbing on your temples for headache or insomnia, applying directly to your scalp and brushes/combs to discourage lice, and diluted with water (30 drops in a 1/2 cup of water) to treat skin sores and infections. Lavender can be used decoratively in dishes or spirits, or as a decorative and aromatic in a glass of champagne. Dried lavender flowers can be added to potpourri blends, used as a cooking or baking spice, and incorporated into body care recipes. Lavandula angustifolia, better known as Lavender, is a perennial evergreen plant that has produced the most used essential oil in the world for over 2500 years.Thriving in oceanic climates with dry, rocky, sandy terrain, Lavender can be found in the Mediterranean region, Europe, Africa, the Canary Islands, the Middle East, and India. It was also commonly called nard. Check out this video to learn how to plant lavender: Lavender Flower Meaning Lavender flowers are spike-like flowers composed of multiple, small purple flowers or “florets” on long narrow stems. 'Thumbelina Leigh' is very showy with its deep purple-blue calyxes and dark lavender flowers held on sturdy, well-branched stems. Upson & S. Andrews, Flower of cultivated lavender; Lavandula stoechas, 'By the Greeks the name Nardus is given to Lavender, from Naarda, a city of Syria near the Euphrates, and many persons call the plant "Nard." [25], For most cooking applications the dried buds, which are also referred to as flowers, are used. Height: Up to 2 feet. He only recognised five species in Species Plantarum (1753), L. multifida and L. dentata (Spain) and L. stoechas and L. spica from Southern Europe. Lavender water made from the essential oil is used in therapeutic baths to reduce nervous excitement and as a perfume. In areas of high humidity, root rot due to fungus infection can be a problem. Cultivars of this species tend to be compact in habit and have grayish green narrow leaves and relatively short compact flower spikes. Dried and sealed in pouches, lavender flowers are placed among stored items of clothing to give a fresh fragrance and to deter moths. Lantana camara flower Kathleen Moore Lantana camara Kathleen Moore Lantana camara 'Radiation' Kathleen Moore CC BY 2.0 Swallowtail butterfly Curt Hiller CC BY 4.0 Flower Form Jim Robbins CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 'Anne Marie' Flower Form Jim Robbins CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 'Bandana Lemon Zest' Flower Form Jim Robbins CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 'Bandana Trailing Gold' Flower Form Jim Robbins CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 … The Romans used the flower to treat skin diseases like scabies, which is where its name originated. Plants typically reach between 1 and 3 feet in height. The beautiful and graceful appearing lavender spikes are a good addition to fresh floral arrangements sold in floral shops. This is a semi-woody plant that typically grows to 1.5-3’. But very few of us know about the plants that should NOT be kept in … [38], The German scientific committee on traditional medicine, Commission E, reported uses of lavender flower in practices of herbalism, including its use for restlessness or insomnia, Roehmheld's syndrome, intestinal discomfort, and cardiovascular diseases, among others. As an aromatic, it has a sweet fragrance with lemon or citrus notes. [15], Some 100 individual phytochemicals have been extracted from lavender oil, including major contents of linalyl acetate (30-55%), linalool (20-35%), tannins (5-10%), and caryophyllene (8%), with lesser amounts of sesquiterpenoids, perillyl alcohols, esters, oxides, ketones, cineole, camphor, beta-ocimene, limonene, caproic acid, and caryophyllene oxide. Lavenders aromatic properties make it useful in pharmacy to add to lotions and creams. Lavender greens have a more subtle flavour when compared to rosemary. Lavender flowers emit a strong, aromatic, uplifting scent when crushed between the fingers. [34], Lavender was introduced into England in the 1600s. Bergamot aka: Bee Balm Scarlet Beebalm Scarlet Monarda Oswego Tea Crimson Beebalm Lavender is a shrub which grows 2 to 3 feet high with green leaves and purple-blue flowers borne on long spikes. Lavender can be used in breads where recipes call for rosemary. Within the Lavandula clade, the subclades correspond to the existing sections, but place Dentatae separately from Stoechas, not within it. Lavender dates back about 2,500 years and is believed to have originated from the Mediterranean, Middle East and India. St. Mark mentions this as Spikenard, a thing of great value. [22] It is used as a spice or condiment in pastas, salads and dressings, and desserts. [42], Some people experience contact dermatitis, allergic eczema, or facial dermatitis from topical use of lavender oil on skin.[4][5]. Narrow, gray-green leaves (to 2 1/2” long) on square stems. L. pedunculata was included within L. stoechas. They can also be used to make a tea that is milder than teas made with the flowers. Just remember that a little goes a long way! Width: About 3 feet. This list can be used by students who are learning Malayalam names of colours or users who are learning the Malayalam language or want to know more about Kerela in general. ', "Lavender" redirects here. Corollas a light lavender blue, sterile bracts a slightly deeper color. The oil is successfully used in the treatment of sores, varicose ulcers, burns and scalds. The lavender herbal remedy boosts a flagging appetite, enabling the person to absorb the maximum amount of nutrients from the diet. A distilled water made from Lavender has been used as a gargle and for hoarseness and loss of voice. [4], Culinary lavender is usually English lavender, the most commonly used species in cooking (L. angustifolia 'Munstead'). Chronic headaches can be eased by massaging or rubbing the forehead and temples with a few drops of the volatile oil. The term “gourmet’s delight” is deserved by the honey derived from lavender flowers which is used as a sweetening agent. [4] Lavandula × intermedia, also known as lavandin or Dutch lavender, yields a similar essential oil, but with higher levels of terpenes including camphor, which add a sharper overtone to the fragrance. "Spanish lavender" may refer to L. stoechas, L. lanata or L. dentata. [23][24] Their buds and greens are used in teas, and their buds, processed by bees, are the essential ingredient of monofloral honey. The herbal remedy made from the lavender is also very useful in alleviating depression and related mental disorders. Mostly the flowers and the leaves of the lavender are used for its medicinal and commercial applications. Lavender flower is a favorite for its sweet, relaxing, floral aroma, and the flowers and leaves have a long history of use in traditional western herbalism. [6], During Roman times, flowers were sold for 100 denarii per pound, which was about the same as a month's wages for a farm laborer, or fifty haircuts from the local barber. This is based on the classification of Upson and Andrews, 2004. Reboul's Cuisinière Provençale. [6], Flowers are borne in whorls, held on spikes rising above the foliage, the spikes being branched in some species. You’ll find everything from common favorites like roses and tulips, to exotic plants and flowers.Find the flower names below, along with a brief description, a photo and some guidance for those of you who are interested in gardening. [35] French lambs have been allowed to graze on lavender as it is alleged to make their meat more tender and fragrant. Picture. There are numerous uses due to its unique beauty and lovely floral scent. She believed that the garden varieties were hybrids between true lavender L. angustifolia and spike lavender (L. latifolia). Commercially, the plant is grown mainly for the production of lavender essential oil of lavender. There were four species within Stoechas (Lavandula stoechas, L. dentata, L. viridis and L. pedunculata) while Spica had three (L. officinalis (now L. angustifolia), L. latifolia and L. lanata). It does not appear at all in the best-known compendium of Provençal cooking, J.-B. The lavender is a perennial herb. The volatile oils in the lavender are a powerful antiseptic, and have been shown to have a good effect against pathogenic bacteria such as the strains responsible for diseases like diphtheria and typhoid. HISTORY OF LAVENDER OIL. The herbal remedy made from the herb is effective in the treatment of prolonged anxiety, chronic and persistent nervousness, as well as in alleviating the physical symptoms induced by excessive stress such as tension headaches, persistent migraine, cardiac palpitations and sleep disorders like insomnia. The Sabaudia group is less clearly defined. Aconitum aka: aconite monkshood wolfsbane leopard's bane It is also used to scent flans, custards, and sorbets. However it is suggested that this explanation may be apocryphal, and that the name may be derived from Latin livere, "blueish".[11]. The six sections she proposed for 28 species still left many intermediates that could not easily be assigned. Flower spikes are used for dried flower arrangements. Flowers Names In Gujarati Whatiscalled Com Wild Flowers Indian Wild Flowers With Names Flowers Name English With Hindi Youtube Most Rare Flowers Top 10 Rarest Flowers In The World 11 Ancient Sacred Indian Symbols Explained Ancient Pages Medicinal Herbs Names … Despite dozens of preliminary clinical studies on the potential for lavender oil or other lavender plant components to affect human diseases, there are no confirmed anti-disease or health effects as of 2018, mainly due to the poor quality of study design and conduct. [13] It is regarded as a weed in parts of Spain. It was formerly believed that the asp, a dangerous kind of viper, made Lavender its habitual place of abode, so that the plant had to be approached with great caution. Culinary lavender is added to the mixture in the North American version.[36]. [22], Lavender was not used in traditional southern French cooking at the turn of the 20th century. Its flowers range in colour from blue through to lilac and pink, and can often be seen densely carpeting the ground from July to October. Lavandula stoechas, L. pedunculata and L. dentata were known in Roman times. Thus the current classification includes 39 species distributed across 8 sections (the original 6 of Chaytor and the two new sections of Upson and Andrews), in three subgenera (see table below). stoechas. [8] From the Middle Ages onwards, the European species were considered two separate groups or genera, Stoechas (L. stoechas, L. pedunculata, L. dentata) and Lavandula (L. spica and L. latifolia), until Linnaeus combined them. Scientific Name. [31] Dried lavender flowers may be used for wedding confetti. Common sea-lavender grows in muddy, salty pools or saltmarshes along the coast. [20] The essential oil was used in hospitals during World War I. As evident from the name, it grows white flower spikes, which look stunning when planted with other darker lavender cultivars. The plant's oils are used as an … [4][20][21] The relative amounts of these compounds vary considerably among lavender species. Contextual translation of "lavender flower" into Kannada. Today, lavender recipes are in use in most parts of the world. [30], The flowers yield abundant nectar, from which bees make a high-quality honey. [4][5], The genus includes annual or short-lived herbaceous perennial plants, and shrub-like perennials, subshrubs or small shrubs. The origin of most of these quotes comes from Dr. William Thomas Fernie, in his book "Herbal Simples" (Bristol Pub., second edition, 1897), Frédéric Charles Jean Gingins de la Sarraz, "World Checklist of Selected Plant Families: Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew", "Outdoor flowering plants - mona lavender", Pasta With Shredded Vegetables and Lavender, "Cooking with Lavender - Purple Haze Lavender (Sequim, WA)", "Lavender Marshmallows - Havoc In The Kitchen", "Expanded Commission E monograph: Lavender flower", "More evidence essential oils 'make male breasts develop, "Evaluation of phototoxic properties of fragrances", Upson T, Andrews S. The Genus Lavandula. Lavender Plant Overview. It is also very effective in helping relieve abdominal distension, in relieving persistent flatulence, spells of nausea as well as indigestion. Because the cultivated forms are planted in gardens worldwide, they are occasionally found growing wild as garden escapes, well beyond their natural range. Its late Latin name was lavandārius, from lavanda (things to be washed), from the verb lavāre (to wash). A small amount added to bland oils makes a useful application in skin diseases, such as eczema and psoriasis, and a rub for rheumatic conditions. [9], Lavandula has three subgenera:[citation needed], In addition, there are numerous hybrids and cultivars in commercial and horticultural usage.[6]. The first major clade corresponds to subgenus Lavandula, and the second Fabricia. In France, it is a regular thing for most households to keep a bottle of Essence of Lavender as a domestic remedy against bruises, bites and trivial aches and pains, both external and internal. Such spontaneous growth is usually harmless, but in some cases Lavandula species have become invasive. Create a living work of art with a variety of flowers and plants, colors, and textures. The lavandins Lavandula × intermedia are a class of hybrids of L. angustifolia and L. The oil has a sedative action on the heart and will lower blood pressure. The ancient Greeks called the lavender herb νάρδος : nárdos, Latinized as nardus, after the Syrian city of Naarda (possibly the modern town of Dohuk, Iraq). Anxiety: 80-160 mg of a specific lavender oil ingredient (Silexan, Dr Willmar Schwabe GmbH & Co. KG) has been taken daily for 6-10 weeks. For example, in Australia, Lavandula stoechas has become a cause for concern; it occurs widely throughout the continent, and has been declared a noxious weed in Victoria since 1920. Both foliage and flowers are highly aromatic. The names widely used for some of the species, "English lavender", "French lavender" and "Spanish lavender" are all imprecisely applied. It recommends caution if young boys use lavender oil because of possible hormonal effects leading to gynecomastia[40][41] caused by a genetic anomaly and tainted lavender via pesticides, and states that lavender oil may cause skin irritation and could be poisonous if consumed by mouth. Lavender is widely sold in the fresh state as 'bunched Lavender,' and as 'dried Lavender,' the flowers are used powdered, for sachet making and also for pot-pourri. Despite its use over centuries in traditional medicine and cosmetics, there is no high-quality clinical evidence that lavender has any effects on diseases or improves health. It usually is identified in the literature with its synonyms, Chrysanthemum parthenium and Pyrethrum parthenium [28][29], Lavender buds are put into sugar for two weeks to allow the essential oils and fragrance to transfer; then the sugar itself is used in baking. [5], A 2007 study examined the relationship between various fragrances and photosensitivity, stating that lavender is known "to elicit cutaneous photo-toxic reactions", but does not induce photohaemolysis. Lavender … [15] All types need little or no fertilizer and good air circulation. Lavender is a well known and fragrant plant with gray-green foliage, upright flower spikes, and a compact shrub form. The flower buds look pinkish before the flowers appear. [22], The greens are used similarly to rosemary or combined with rosemary to flavour meat and vegetables in savory dishes. Lavender is used for flatulence, migraine headache, fainting, and dizziness. The English word lavender is generally thought to be derived from Old French lavandre, ultimately from the Latin lavare (to wash), referring to the use of infusions of the plants. They are simple in some commonly cultivated species; in other species, they are pinnately toothed, or pinnate, sometimes multiple pinnate and dissected. Flowering typically occurs in June or July and tends to last 3-4 weeks. Gravelly materials such as crushed rocks give better results. Subgenus Sabaudia (Buscal. Today, lavender is seen in household and bath products like candles and skincare, and can even repel mosquitos! The corolla is also tubular, usually with five lobes (the upper lip often cleft, and the lower lip has two clefts).[6][7]. [10] The botanic name Lavandula as used by Linnaeus is considered to be derived from this and other European vernacular names for the plants.
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