It feeds on aquatic vegetation with its fringed lips. we are growing them from 14thmay 2014 to till date but their rohu size grow at finger size and katala size is around two finger fat and long. Does 50% profit on your investment in a short time sound too good to be true? Rohu carp of size 16 g were stocked in three ponds at 1,430 fish per pond and cultured using the ASA feed-based technology with soy-maximized, extruded feed. By following proper methods, we can expect 4-5 tones of fish at an average per hectare. A fish technician adviced me to not stock rohu fish, as it’s does not grow well in farm pond, as it is blck soil. As a result of compensatory growth, the fish attain 1.0–1.5 kg after a culture period of 10-12 months. Net profits in Rohu Fish Farming is : 4,05,000 – 2,70,200 =  Rs1,34,800. Although, many fish species carry high levels of the metal mercury, Rohu fish is listed among the fishes with low level of mercury chiefly because of the environment that are found. For better utilization of resources, fish farming can be combined with agriculture, animal husbandry and irrigation practices which in turn gives higher production and net profits. Rohu fish kalia - a spicy Bengali dish. Prawn cultivation is very profitable, and the Prawns grow very fast in freshwater ponds and reach to the marketable size (150-180 mm) in a time span of six months. Living inland where river fish like rohu and katla are more common, it is always a good idea to bank upon the fish protein as much as possible. Control: Short baths in 3% common salt solution found more effective than antibiotics. After 15 days, inorganic fertilizers have been applied. (2002) and Gjerde et al. White mats appeared initially on the skin, which spreads gradually to deeper tissues and cause death. Control: Malachite green zinc free grade, potassium permanganate, copper sulphate salt are common therapeutics for effective use. As it does not breed in Lake Ecosystem, induced spawning is necessary for culturing. The yolksac is absorbed within three to four days at which stage the fish are 6.0 to 7.5mm in length. Variations in growth rate are mainly due to hydrobiological and geo-climatic conditions as well as stocking density, biological productivity of the water body and the provision of supplementary feeds. Mahuva oil cake 2500 kilograms per one hectare is used to kill the fish. Intensity of feeding varies with season, environment, size and the reproductive cycle. Introduction of Rohu Fish Farming:-Rohu (Roho Labeo or Labeo rohita) is one of the freshwater fishes of the carp family which is very popular fish in India and other parts of the world especially south-east Asia.This fish also called as ”Rui” or “Ruee” or Tapra. Fish growth parameters of rohu in both control and biofloc treatments. Overall, the biofloc system had much higher TSS . Commercial feed (Sunder’s feed) was used as control. of fingerlings stocked in pond per 1 hectare (2.4 acres) = 8000 to10,000. Cow dung or any such manure has been applied 3 days after liming. Fish protein :- is one of the best forms of protein available. (1999) reported SGRs of 5.41 and a maximum size of 20.3 gm. Comparatively lower growth rates have been reported under experimental conditions in earthen ponds (Jena et al., 2001, Jena et al., 2002a, Jena et al., 2002b, Tripathi et al., 2000). Maximum weight gain (%) and specific growth rate (SGR %) were observed in C. catla and L. rohita fed a diet with 36% carbohydrate and 4% lipid, corresponding to a CHO: L ratio of 8.93. The quantity of feed fed to younger fishes is smaller than that fed to bigger adult fishes or grow-outs. The fish are reared for a period of 10 - 12 months and reach a size of about 700 – 800 g (Jena and Das, 2006). Effect of live feed on the survival and growth of fry of Catla catla using three different live feeds namely, Cyclopoid (Thermocyclops decipiens), Cladoceran (Moina micrura), and mixed diet (Cyclopoid and Cladoceran) were studied. It is said that sea fish has a greater content of protein. Southern analysis confirmed the transgene extrachromosomal (Te) persistence until the 60th week in family 1. Spicy dish of rohu fish. “However, there’s been a growing water scarcity, impacting farming. Hello, I am Ranjit. The rate of growth varies from species to species and sometimes it varies even among species also. Contact us  | Terms and Conditions |  Scam Alert, Aquaculture Feed and Fertilizer Resources Information System. ADVERTISEMENTS: 4. Find here details of companies selling Rohu Fish, for your purchase requirements. The pond soil is analyzed prior to adding nutrients. He plans collaborating his agriculture, horticulture and farming knowledge into a subject of help to all those who wish grow crops, venture into farming or gardening. Nitrogen and Phosphorous have been added in appropriate quantities. This practice is called integrated fish farming. Growth performance of rohu was more or less similar in treatments without common carp and treatments with 1 common carp m − 2. Organic and inorganic fertilizers have been applied. Harvesting can be done after one year. (2002), who reported a 1.6 times higher rohu yield in the presence common carp. Growth rate was greatest with catla, 2.05 g daily gain of bodyweight on silkworm diet, next greatest on fish meal. Age or growth stage of the fish: Fish at early stage of their life have higher metabolic rates and hence their growth rate is fast at this early stage. Get latest info on Rohu Fish, suppliers, manufacturers, wholesalers, traders, wholesale suppliers with Rohu Fish prices for buying. Selection of Pond:  Rohu is cultivated in the pond. Feeding of Rohu fish: They have white and non-oily textured flesh. (1988) and Hossain et al. to compare the growth of rohu carp (Labeo rohita) grown using two different production and feeding methodologies in six 0.11-ha earthen ponds. ROYSFARM. If it’s so..can I use in a ratio of, 2000 cyprinus, 2000 katla, and 1000 mixed…? Growth of fish means a change in length or weight or both with increasing age. Stunted carp are produced by rearing fingerlings for 6 -12 months at densities ranging between 50 000 and 100 000/ha and fed with just enough food to survive until they attain a weight of 50-150 g, where after they are stocked into the grow-out ponds. The pond must be away from flood prone area. Proper provision for inlet and outlet have been provided. As a result of compensatory growth, the fish attain 1.0–1.5 kg after a culture period of 10-12 months. If growing them in a fertilized pond they even grow faster, Ponds for the fish cultivation can be built. (2002) reported no significant differences between the growth of wild and farmed fish and that there is very little growth heterosis in crossbred progeny. The fry (20–25 mm) are reared in earthen rearing ponds at a density of 0.2 – 0.3 million/ha for 2–3 months and reach 80 – 100 mm in size. Cost of 1 kilogram of  meat of Rohu=60.00 Rupees (if you sell in wholesale at your pond). Fish exports have been in decline over the last two years, but moving to some of the tilapia freshwater fish species may help the industry as they take less time to reach maturity, she said. Rohu is very commonly eaten in Bangladesh, Nepal, Pakistan and the Indian states of Tripura, Nagaland, Bihar, Odisha, Assam, West Bengal, Andhra Pradesh, Tamilnadu and Uttar Pradesh. It has become popular because of its taste and demand in the market. The female Rohu lays 3 lakh eggs approximately. Genetically modified fish (GM fish) are organisms from the taxonomic clade which includes the classes Agnatha (jawless fish), Chondrichthyes (cartilaginous fish) and Osteichthyes (bony fish) whose genetic material has been altered using genetic engineering techniques. The  Rohu or roho labeo  Labeo rohita  is a species belongs to the family Cyprinidae  found in rivers in South Asia.It is a large, silver coloured fish and typical cyprinid in shape  with clear arched head. It’s both. Rohu is commonly eaten by the people of Tripura, Bihar, Odisha, Assam, West Bengal, Bhojpur and Uttar Pradesh in India. Other states include Bangladesh, Nepal. They release sperms and eggs in the areas are deep and shallow rivers Induced spawning is essential as they do not breed in calm waters. Wherever the soil, shape of the land and water supply are appropriate. Der Rohu ist ein beliebter Speisefisch, der in Teichwirtschaften v. a. in Kerala gehalten wird und als Frischfisch auf den Markt kommt. Vysakh Rameshkumar, owner of SAV Fish Farm at Karikkakom, has been farming mainly catla and rohu, two popular varieties. Rohu is a fresh water bony fish and is famous in India and South Asia. Rohu fish farming project report / Economics of Rohu fish/ Marketing and Cost calculation / hectare (2.4 acres): No. The fish feeds in water on algae, mud, sand, decomposed vegetation. Catla [Catla catla], rohu [Labeo rohita] and common carp [Cyprinus carpio] were fed for 90 days on the usual feed of rice bran and oilcake in equal parts, or on pellets with dried silkworm [Bombyx] pupae or fish meal as main source of protein. Depending on climatic conditions, the growth of the fish, and nutrient content of the pond, fertilizers have to be altered. Further, we can know their spawning time. To benefit from this phenomenon farmers in Andhra Pradesh have developed a technique of stunting the fish. Feeding experiments were carried out in 100 L tanks for 40 days. The gene transfer efficiency was 25%. The other names of Rohu are  rui, or roho labeo  Labeo rohita. After 15 days, inorganic fertilizers have been applied. For grow-out, fingerlings are stocked at a density of 5 000–10 000/ha in composite culture systems in which rohu comprise between 15-30 percent of the pond population. Mr. Reddy was born in farmer's family and was into 'IT' profession where he was not happy with his activities. 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Under experimental nursery rearing conditions, Biswas et al. It is commonly found in tropical and temperate zones. I wants to start small scale Rohu fish farming project ofworth value 20lakh Eggs are attacked in all the stages. Growth of fish is dependent on population density also. Rohu Fish Farming Project Report, Economics of Rohu. It is a planktivorous surface feeder. Growth rate of fish also indicates the suitability of particular species for a particular type of the water-body. ?. 25 Jul 2007 Rohu – Labeo Rohita Popular River water fish of Orissa India. I will stock in August, in how many months it will gain 1 kg of weight. In almost all the countries, the commercial Rohu fish breed culture is common and induced breeding plays a major role for the entire seed requirement. 70,000 ROHU & 30000 KATALA . Growth is best described by the Von Bertalanffy growth equation described by Lt= 1015[1-e0.276(t+0.333)] (Khan,1972). When reaching the maturity stage, the feeding increases when compared to immature stage. Decided to come back to farming, agriculture sector as a Farmer and Writer. It has also been found that while b may be different for fish from different localities, of different sexes, or for larval, immature and mature fish, it is often constant for fish similar in these respects. Compared to adult stage where feeding could be 1 to 3 times daily. and BOD 5. After spawning, the fish feeds actively. “We currently export rohu-species fish to other countries, but they take a little longer to grow, particularly as importers only want bigger fish,” she said. Fish farming can be done twice in a year, so one can obtain a profit of : Rs1,34,800 x 2 = Rs 2,69,600. My name is PEDRO VERDECIA BATISA, I have rohu in my enterprise but I have not the feeding guide to improve the culture of this species, could you send me the guide to feeding. If you are into commercial fish famring, you should consider for Rohu Fish. Sometimes, fish harvesting can be done with complete dewatering. In the oldest cluster, Twantay, there was no change; in Hlegu, there was an increase from 680 to 1720 acres (2.5 times), and in Latkyargi in Maubin, from 2240 to 3110 acres (nearly 1.5 times). Fish can be packed in ice and then made ready for exporting. Bacterial gill disease: Myxobacterial complex has been found in the affected gills Fingerlings causes retarded growth and poor survival. Rohu – Labeo Rohita Popular River water fish of Orissa. You have entered an incorrect email address! It has a smooth body with an elliptical mouth. Der Rohu besitzt ein nicht öliges weißes Fleisch und gilt frittiert bei den Oriyas und Bengali als große Delikatesse und Vorspeise der typischen traditionellen Kost. These three species have different zones for their habitat in the water body. April to July is the best period for laying of eggs. 5. Chondar (1999) reported that in well prepared ponds, rohu attain 700 – 1 000 g in the first year, 800 – 2 000 g in the second year and 2 000 – 4 000 g in the third year. (1988) and Hossain et al. how much time is required to grow them at 1 kg both. of fingerlings sustained at an average = 9000 (Assuming that the Rohu fish mortality rate in the pond is about = 10 to 20%). Rohu fish fry slices , couple of Rohu fish fried slices are served over white vessel and photographed against maroon. Fish were fed to apparent satiation (about 10% body weight), 6 d/wk, twice daily at 0800 and 1600 h for 6 wk. Growth is generally an increase in size due to conversion of the food matter into the building matter of the body by means of the process of nutrition. This explains why experts recommend pregnant women avoid sea-water fishes like swordfish (myli meen), tuna and shark and instead consume fishes like rohu or kingfish. It’s good and it’s true. Trucks and air transport have been used according to the distances. The soil in the pond must be well drained and must have enough water retention capacity. Growth rate and age of fish also indicate the size of fish at different stages, e.g., fry, fingerling, and adult of different species. No. Reply. At the matured stage, feeding intensity decreases. They have a streamlined body with a large oval gaping mouth ringed with thick lips. Fish growth rates differed significantly (P < 0.05) with CHO: L ratio in the diets. Two subsequent treatments with a gap of one week cures the disease. of fish do change their shape as they grow and so a cube relationship between length and weight would hardly be expected. This  fluctuations in feeding are prominent in females than in males. After 90 days of rearing Jena et al. They live up to 10 years and attains maturity in 2-5 years. Poly-culture system is used in Rohu fish farming. Newly hatched rohu larvae are 3.5 – 4.5 mm in length. We had 1 acre pound we have 1,00,000 FISH the proportion is like this. It is very important to maintain pond properly before and after stocking the fish seed. But the river fishes are not far behind. Indian major carps are known to grow faster during the second year. In global aquatic food production, aquaculture has become an ever increasing share. (2003) demonstrated the compensatory growth potential of rohu under experimental conditions. To enhance the fertility of the soil, fertilizers and manure have been applied. Generally,  Rohu is cultured with Catla in two species or Mrigal and Catla in three species. Removal of  weeds by using effective herbicides. (2003) demonstrated the compensatory growth potential of rohu under experimental conditions. rohu hybrids over the rohu-mrigal hybrids. It lays eggs in open waters. Eyes, pelvic and pectoral fins are dorso-laterally positioned. Er wird als Potoler Dolma oder in Senföl als Kalia angeboten. The transgenic rohu (family line 1) with CMV promoter showed a growth enhancement of four times normal size, whereas those (family lines 2 and 3) generated with β‐actin promoter grew 4.5 and 5.8 times faster than their respective control siblings. how much we should feed them per day what precaution we must take. ... stocking density and time. The transgenic rohu (family line 1) with CMV promoter showed a growth enhancement of four times normal size, whereas those (family lines 2 and 3) generated with β-actin promoter grew 4.5 and 5.8 times faster than their respective control siblings. The Seed source is available from fresh lakes, reservoirs, water  rivers and canals. Breeding of Rohu: Generally, Rohu fish attains maturity at three years of age. It is an omnivore and is used  in aquaculture extensively. New ponds have been exhumed. It occurs at post spawning time. Rohu fish belongs to the family of “Cyprinidae” and genus of “Labeo”. A genetically improved variety of rohu (Jayanti rohu) has been developed through a selective breeding program by the Central Institute of Freshwater Aquaculture in collaboration with the Institute of Aquaculture Research in Norway. It is away from flood prone area. Total fish weight in grams= 9000 x 750 grams= 6,750 kilograms. Under experimental conditions fry can be grown to fingerlings with an average size and weight of 106.6 mm and 11.9 g at a SGR of 5.38 (Biswas et al., 2006b). Pre-stocking: This operation is the removal of weeds, debris and fish from previous cultivation. Rohu Fish Farming. Reddy et al. Rohu can also be reared with silver carp or glass carp. Fresh fish can be sold immediately after harvesting. Genetically Improved Rohu “ Jayanti” for Sustainable Aquaculture Production ICAR-CIFA Extension Series - xxxx (English) Selective breeding of rohu has been initiated for the first time in India by ICAR-CIFA in collaboration with Institute of Aquaculture Research (AKVAFORSK), Norway to genetically improve rohu for higher growth.Rohu He advised to stock, cyprinus (common carp), katla, and mixed ( rohu, katla, mrigal). You can get a Rohu Fish Farming Project Report details at the bottom of this article. transgenesis. The individuals of family lines 2 … Adult Rohu fish can attain a weight of 45 kilograms and maximum length of 2 meters, but the average length is  around 1⁄2 meter. When fish density is high competition for food becomes important. Growth is the process of addition of flesh as a result of protein synthesis. Other fish can be removed by sun drying of waterbed or by repeated netting. 3. It appears as white spots. This concurs with Wahab et al. It is also capable of filter feeding with its gill rakers. So they are fed controlled rations for up to 12 to 24 times daily. Harvesting can be done on the demand of  Rohu fish and season. Chakrabarti et al. Body short and deep, somewhat laterally compressed, its depth more than head length; head very large, its depth exceeding half the head length; body with conspicuously large cycloid scales, head devoid of scales; snout bluntly rounded; eyes large and visible from underside of the head; mouth wide and upturn… Fish attains weight in 6 months = 700 to 800 grams. Rohu prefers phyto-planktons. You can get the total returns from the sale of  6750 kg of Rohu = 6750 x 60 = 4,05,000. It is considered as a game fish. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Generally, 1 kilogram weight of fish can be more sold in the market. The 3-4 day old larvae are stocked into nursery ponds at a density of 3-5 million/ha and reared for a period of 15 – 20 days by which time they reach 20 – 25 mm in size and are then called fry. The term aquaculture includes all forms of aquatic animals and plants in fresh, brackish and salt waters. I want to know if Rohu fish farming can be done by RAS and it it is profitable considering cost of RAS. Chakrabarti et al. my best regards, Hello Sir, You are requested to send me Bankable project for this worth value. Depending on climatic conditions, the growth of the fish, and nutrient content of the pond,  fertilizers have to be altered. On a white bowl. The body is bluish black on the back and silver on the belly and sides. The feeding habit changes from fingerlings stage onwards. It has been reported that after 4 generations the new strain shows a 17 percent higher growth rate and this strain now making an impact on production output at the farmer level (Ayyappan and Jena, 2006). Partial dewatering or repeated netting can be done to harvest the  Rohu fish. It has bilaterally symmetrical body with extended body. Fish reaches 800 grams at the time of harvesting. Body bilaterally symmetrical, moderately elongate, its dorsal profile more arched than the ventral profile; body with cycloid scales, head without scale; snout fairly depressed, projecting beyond mouth, without lateral lobe; eyes dorsolateral in position, not visible from outside of head; mouth small and inferior; lips … Growth is actually an increase in any dimension of any organism in relation to time. Natural growthRohu grow well in varied environments and the best growth is observed in large water bodies. Growth in natural waters is influenced by food availability, feeding intensity and the reproductive cycle and under culture condition is determined by pond size, stocking density and size at stocking. Copper sulphate may also be used for pond  treatment. Any medicines required for both. Pump sets, sheds and electricity arrangements have been provided. (2006a) reported maximum growth in terms of length, weight and specific growth rate (SGR) of 28.9 mm, 247.7 mg and 33.96, respectively. Similar growth rates have also been reported by Hora and Pillay (1962). Fungal disease: This causes extensive loss. Knowledge of fish growth is of vital importance for obtaining high yield of fish. Cow dung or any such manure has been applied 3 days after liming. An experiment was carried out in 18 earthen ponds to investigate the effects of the addition of common carp Cyprinus carpio (L.) and artificial feed o… In most cases, the aim is to introduce a new trait to the fish which does not occur naturally in the species, i.e. consumption will grow fast as a share of fish consumption, and capture-fish from rivers, ... 34,000 acres (a 3.5 times increase) in only 10 years. Derelict of ponds has been de-sanitization, dewatering, and repair of embankments. Well drained pond with enough water retention capacity is needed. Nitrogen and Phosphorous have been added in appropriate quantities.
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